Sun-Alperin, M.K. & Wang, M. (2011). Cross-language transfer of phonological and orthographic processing skills from Spanish L1 to English L2. Reading and Writing, 24, 591-614.

finished 11/26 (obviously except for results. i tried tho)

The authors mentioned that cross-language research has focused on L1 phonological processing and its relation to L2 reading. Limited research has been on the effect of L1 orthographic processing and L2 reading and spelling. but reserach has found that both phonological and orthographic skills contribute to reading acquisition. Phonological processing skills in L1 (Chinese/Korean) transfers to English but orthographic knowledge does not contribute much to English word reading 

 This study investigated how L1 phonological and orthographic processing skills influence reading and speling acquisition in L2.

89 Spanish-English bilingual 2nd and 3rd graders

Spanish phonological processing skills esp phoneme deletion predicted a signif amount of variance in Eng real word and pseudoword reading as well as spelling. But, orthographic processing skills in Sp didn’t predict a sig amount of variance in Eng read word or pseudoword spelling. Spelling requires more orthographic knowledge, need to know all the letters to correctly spell a word vs reading, don’t need to process each letter to recognize the word. spelling of nonwords can’t rely o memorization

English: phonological and orthographic processing skills predicted a signif amount of unique variance in both real word and pseudoword reading and spelling. for real word reading, phoneme deletion and homophone choice were sign predictors

thus, universal phonolog processes, for alphabetic lang, are important in facilitating bilingual reading acquisition.

orthographic learning in Sp is important for native Spanish-speaking children learning to read in English. Not only does phonological processing skills predict word reading and spelling, but orthographic processing skills also account for variance, above and beyond that explained by phonolog skills.

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